Substitutions & Measurements

Measurement Conversion Charts

Out of baking powder and out of time?

Need to replace butter with vegetable shortening right now?

Unsure if six ounces of chocolate chips makes a cup?

You can find all the correct measurements and perfect substitutions right at your fingertips. Bookmark our handy, hassle-free,
on-line tables and turn your baking problems into sweet solutions.

Ingredient Substitutions

For: Use:
1 teaspoon baking powder 1/2 teaspoon cream of tartar + 1/4 teaspoon baking soda
1/2 cup (1 stick) butter or margarine 7 tablespoons vegetable shortening
1 ounce unsweetened chocolate 3 tablespoons cocoa + 1 tablespoon butter or margarine
1 cup grated coconut 1 1/3 cup flaked coconut
1 cup light cream 7/8 cup whole milk + 3 tablespoons butter
1 cup sour cream 1 tablespoon lemon juice + evaporated milk to make 1 cup (let stand 5 minutes)
or
1 cup evaporated milk + 1 tablespoon vinegar,
or
1 cup plain yogurt
1 cup whipping cream (for cooking) 3/4 cup whole milk + 1/3 cup butter
2 egg yolks 1 whole egg
2 tablespoons flour 1 tablespoon cornstarch, arrowroot, potato starch or quick-cooking tapioca
1 cup honey or corn syrup 1 1/4 cups C&H® Granulated Sugar + 1/4 cup water
1 teaspoon lemon juice 1/2 teaspoon white vinegar
1 teaspoon grated lemon rind 1/2 teaspoon lemon extract
1 cup milk 1 cup skim milk + 2 tablespoons butter
or
margarine or 1/2 cup evaporated milk + 1/2 cup water
or
1/4 cup powdered whole milk + 1 cup water
1 cup buttermilk or sour milk 1 tablespoon lemon juice or white vinegar + whole milk to make 1 cup (let stand 5 minutes)
1 cup yogurt 1 cup buttermilk
1 cup cake flour 1 cup minus 1 tablespoon all purpose flour
1 teaspoon pumpkin spice 1/2 teaspoon ground cinnamon, 1/4 teaspoon nutmeg and 1/8 teaspoon ground ginger or cloves
8 oz. mascarpone cheese 8 oz. regular cream cheese
1 cup molasses 1 cup honey
1 cup dark corn syrup 1 cup C&H® Dark Brown Sugar + 3 or 4 tablespoons water

 

Ingredient Equivalents

Ingredient: Equivalent:
apples, 1 pound = 3 cups peeled and sliced
apricots, dried, 1 pound = 3 cups
bananas, 3 to 4 medium = 1 3/4 cups, mashed
butter
  1 pound
  whipped, 1 pound
  1 stick

= 2 cups
= 3 cups
= 1/2 cup, 1/4 lb. or 8 tablespoons
chocolate
  unsweetened, 1 square
  chips, 6 ounces

= 1 ounce
= 1 cup
cranberries, 1 pound = 4 cups sauce
cream, whipping, 1 cup = 2 cups whipped
dates, 1 pound = 2 1/2 cups pitted and chopped
egg white, 1 = 2 ounces (average)
eggs large, 2 = 3 small eggs
eggs medium, 6 = 1 cup
gelatin, 1 package plain = 1 tablespoon
graham crackers, 12 = 1 cup crushed
lemon, 1 = 1 1/4 ounces of juice

 

Sugar Measure Equivalents

Volume: Equivalent:
C&H® Pure Cane Granulated Sugar
1 packet = 1 teaspoon
1 lb. = 2 1/4 cups
2 lb. = 4 1/2 cups
4 lb. = 9 cups
5 lb. = 11 1/2 cups
C&H® Pure Cane Powdered Sugar
1 lb. = 3 3/4 cups unsifted
2 lb. = 7 1/2 cups unsifted
4 lb. = 15 cups unsifted
C&H® Pure Cane Brown Sugar
1 lb. = 2 1/2 cups packed
2 lbs. = 5 cups packed
4 lbs. = 10 cups packed

 

Measurement Conversions

Measurement: Equivalent:
Dash or pinch
= 1/16 teaspoon
1 1/2 teaspoons
= 1/2 tablespoon
3 teaspoons
= 1 tablespoon
2 tablespoons
= 1/8 cup
4 tablespoons
= 1/4 cup
5 tablespoons + 1 teaspoon
= 1/3 cup
8 tablespoons
= 1/2 cup
12 tablespoons
= 3/4 cup
16 tablespoons = 1 cup
2 cups
= 1 pint
2 pints
= 1 quart
4 quarts
= 1 gallon
1 gram
= 0.035 ounces
1 kilogram = 2.21 pounds